Everyone has some of all 4 of these tendencies at different times and in different situations. However, most people typically have 1 or 2 of these tendencies that seem to fit them well in their everyday behavior. And, on the other hand, 1 or 2 of these tendencies usually do not fit them well, and these tendencies may even seem “foreign” to their approach to life. The balance of these 4 tendencies shapes the way each person “sees” life and those around them. By combining the 2 previous diagrams, we can show 4 basic quadrants of the circle as shown below:
Four Major Personality Traits / Tendencies
Thus, 4 basic personality traits emerge from our diagram corresponding to the 4 quadrants of the circle (In clockwise order):
- Outgoing and Task-oriented (upper left quadrant)
- Outgoing and People-oriented (upper right quadrant)
- Reserved and People-oriented (lower right quadrant)
- Reserved and Task-oriented (lower left quadrant)
Next, we will add descriptive terms for each of the four main personality types that emerge in the diagram. The descriptive terms will begin with D, I, S and C.
Describing Each Personality Style
(4 Different Types – 4 Different Priorities)
As mentioned before, we will add the descriptive terms to the diagram. Notice the letters D, I, S and C appear in the 4 quadrants of the circle in the diagram below. You will also notice that descriptive terms have been added in each of the 4 corners of the diagram.
D-I-S-C Descriptive Terms
Now we can further describe each of the four main personality styles:
The Dominant “D” type – An outgoing, task-oriented individual will be focused on getting things done, accomplishing tasks, getting to the bottom line as quickly as possible and MAKING IT HAPPEN! (The key insight in developing a relationship with this type person is RESPECT and RESULTS.)
The Inspiring “I” type – An outgoing, people-oriented individual loves to interact, socialize and have fun. This person is focused on what others may think of him or her. (The key insight in developing a relationship with this type person is ADMIRATION and RECOGNITION.)
The Supportive “S” type – A reserved, people-oriented individual will enjoy relationships, helping or supporting other people and working together as a team. (The key insight in developing a relationship with this person is FRIENDLINESS and SINCERE APPRECIATION.)
The Cautious “C” type – A reserved, task-oriented individual will seek value, consistency and quality information. This person focuses on being correct and accurate. (The key insight in developing a relationship with this individual is TRUST and INTEGRITY.)
Summarizing the DISC Traits
To summarize the DISC Model of Human Behavior (in clockwise order):
- D stands for the DOMINANT Type which is OUTGOING and TASK-ORIENTED.
- I stands for the INSPIRING Type which is OUTGOING and PEOPLE-ORIENTED.
- S stands for the SUPPORTIVE Type which is RESERVED and PEOPLE-ORIENTED.
- C stands for the CAUTIOUS Type which is RESERVED and TASK-ORIENTED